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Map Nijmegen

Nijmegen is located in the in the eastern part of the province of Gelderland. The city gained city rights in the year 1230 and joined the Hanseatic league in 1364.

The first records of Nijmegen in history is in the first century B.C., when the Romans built a military camp site on the place where Nijmegen was to appear; this spot had great strategic value because of the hills and the river Waal.

By 69, when the Batavians, the original inhabitants of the Rhine and Maas valley, revolted, a village called Oppidum Batavorum had formed near the Roman camp. This village was destroyed in the revolt, but when the revolt had ended, the Romans built another, bigger camp. In 104, the Roman Emperor Trajan renamed the town, which now became known as Ulpia Noviomagus Batavorum. In the fourth century, the Roman Empire and its power decreased and Nijmegen became part of the Frankish kingdom.

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